Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Essay --

The 1980’s The decade of the 1980’s is universally known for its brightly colored leggings, and teased hair. However, most of us tend forget the events that inspired these widely recognized trends. Political power, economic instability, and Sequins, lace, and tutu’s are merely an illusion of what the eighties were truly about. The social and economic events of the 1980’s had a severe impact on the fashion choices of American women during this time. The political events in America throughout the eighties will always be remembered when saying one simple, yet extremely packed name, Ronald Reagan. In 1981 Reagan was elected with one of the countries highest overall acceptance rates. Reagan was a former Hollywood actor his charisma and optimistic style wore off on people and America loved him. "We will always remember. We will always be proud. We will always be prepared, so we may always be free." [at the D-Day Commemoration in Normandy] Reagan had a direct, to the point that republicans loved and democrats respected. With Reagans election came promises of a bright future for the US, like tax cuts and lower spending. "[G]overnment's view of the economy could be summed up in a few short phrases: If it moves, tax it. If it keeps moving, regulate it. And if it stops moving, subsidize it." [Reagan speaking about the White House Conference on Small Business] However after a short time, military spending began to rise, causing cuts from j obs and some tax increases. These and other choices Ronald Reagan made in office became known as â€Å"Reaganomics.† The culture was also changing throughout this time as well, a slang term known as the â€Å"yuppie† was born. This term was commonly used to describe a baby boomer, with a college education, well p... ...ng a statement wherever they went and the designers of today are still trying to accentuate the body and broadcast sexuality. Ad campaign designs were changed extraordinarily during the 1980’s by adopting the idea that pitching a product with a glamorous woman, home, or family would create the need for consumers to buy a good or service solely for the purpose of have having a better lifestyle. This advertising idea traveled through the last few decades and is still present in the American society today. The beliefs of the eighties were invigorating and gave adolescences the choice to be whatever they wanted to be. Whether that was a pop-icon, an inventor, or a politician, the 1980’s was a time of empowerment and optimism. These principals are still taught to young people in our society today preaching the values of self-worth and perseverance to follow their dreams.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Modelling the Inflation Process in Nigeria

MODELLING THE INFLATION PROCESS IN NIGERIA 2. Nigeria’s inflation experience Nigeria has experienced all manner of inflationary episodes – from creeping to moderate and from high to galloping (see Table 1 and Figure 1). Average inflation during the period 1960–1972 was relatively low, the historical average rate being 5. 01%. When assessed on an annual basis, however, rising prices became a cause for concern for the then military government when in 1969 the inflation rate hit double digits at 10. 36%. Government’s concern seems to have been justified by the fact that Nigeria was experiencing double-digit inflation for the first time, in the face of a raging civil war whose end was not then in sight. In reaction, government imposed a general wage freeze for a period of one year. Apparently aware of possible opposition by labour unions, price control measures were introduced with the official promulgation of the Price Control Decree, early in 1970 (see Fashoyin, 1984, for comprehensive discussion of anti-inflation measures taken during this period). Inflationary pressures continued unabated, however, even with price controls. Table 1: Inflation episodes in Nigeria Period Average 1960–1972 5. 01 1973–1985 17. 96 1986–1995 31. 30 1986–2002 13. 34 Source: Computed by the authors Pressures for salary increases led to the setting up of the Wages and Salaries Review Commission. The Commission eventually granted salary increases to all categories of public service employees, and similar adjustments were later made in the private sector. These awards, which came at a time when the dislocation of domestic production and marketing as a result of the civil war had not been fully repaired, generated a measure of excess demand in the economy. This is likely to have been responsible for the rise in the rate of inflation by 16. 0% in 1971. Government’s immediate response was to lift import restrictions on several categories of goods. Excise duties on a number of goods were also reduced. A credit policy that favoured the production of food was also put in place. These efforts, coupled with the establishment of the Nigerian National Supply Company (NNSC), were credited with yielding the relatively low rate of inflation of 3. 2% recorded in 1972. The period 1973–1985 was one of greater inflationary pressures than the period 1960–1972, with an average inflation rate in those years of 17. 96%. The effects of the 3 RP 182_Olubusoye_maintext. pmd 21/10/2008, 14:29 3 6 RESEARCH PAPER 182 Exchange rate regimes and inflation in Nigeria Inflation and exchange rates have been identified as two of the key â€Å"barometers† of economic performance (Rutasitara, 2004). Exchange rate arrangements in Nigeria have undergone significant changes over the past four decades, shifting from a fixed regime in the 1960s to a pegged arrangement between the 1970s and the mid 1980s, and finally to various types of floating regime adopted in 1986 with the SAP. A regime of managed float, without any strong commitment to defending any particular parity, has been the predominant characteristic of the floating regime in Nigeria since 1986. Exchange rate policy emerged as one of the controversial policy instruments in developing countries in the 1980s, with vehement opposition to devaluation for fear of its inflationary impact, among other effects. Nigeria faced such a situation and there has since been interest in the performance of inflation and the role of the exchange rate in the process. The peculiarity of the Nigerian foreign exchange market needs to be highlighted. The country’s foreign exchange earnings are more than 90% dependent on crude oil export receipts. The result is that the volatility of the world oil market prices has a direct impact on the supply of foreign exchange. Moreover, the oil sector contributes more than 80% of government revenue. Thus, when the world oil price is high, the revenue shared by the three tiers of government rises correspondingly, and as has been observed since the early 1970s, elicits comparable expenditure increases, which are then difficult to bring down when oil prices collapse and revenues fall. Indeed, such unsustainable expenditure levels have been at the root of high overnment deficit spending. It became a matter of serious concern that despite the huge amount of foreign exchange, which the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) supplied to the foreign exchange market, the impact was not reflected in the performance of the real sector of the economy. Arising from Nigeria’s high import propensity of finished consumer goods, the foreign exchange earnings from oil continued to generate output and employm ent growth in other countries from which Nigeria’s imports originated. This development necessitated a change in policy on 22 July 2002, when the demand pressure in the foreign exchange market intensified and the depletion in external reserves level persisted. The CBN thus reintroduced the Dutch auction system (DAS) to replace the inter-bank foreign exchange market (IFEM). Since then, the DAS has been largely successful in achieving the objectives of the monetary authorities. Generally, it assisted in narrowing the arbitrage premium from double digits to a single digit, until the emergence of irrational market exuberance in the fourth quarter of 2003. Figure 2 charts the details of the movements in inflation and the parallel market premium over the official exchange rate. As can be seen in the figure, movements of the parallel exchange rate premium and inflation rate were very close, especially during the mid 1970 and early 1990s. Indeed, this was the period of widest divergence between the official and parallel market exchange rates. As can be seen from the graph, the peaks and troughs almost always go together, thus confirming that the parallel market exchange rate was significantly correlated with the inflation rate. RP 182_Olubusoye_maintext. pmd 21/10/2008, 14:29 6

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Peoples Mojahedin Organization of Iran v. United States Department of State Free Essay Example, 1000 words

This wasn’t the case here (McCormack and McDonald, 2006). The document, when analyzed by various analysts was found to be filled with one-sided reviews of past activities, dating back in the 1980’s and the 1990’s by the MeK. The department did not give any pro and cons of the activities mentioned by the MeK in their petition to the department and were all pointing towards the activities conducted by the organization way before 2001, after which the organization claims to have changed. Some descriptions given in the document was even contradictory to the activities of the MeK such as, â€Å"On October 12, 2006, I received information that questioned activities were going on at the University compound, [C]amp Ashraf specifically. The information came through the State Department from Europe that the MeK was assembling up to 1,500 Iraqis at the compound, supported by the MeK. I conducted a visit of the compound and found no foundation to the information we received. On site, we went into every building on the compound and I spoke with several people. The compound [was] being used to house Iraqi workers because of the attacks on the roads. We will write a custom essay sample on People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran v. United States Department of State or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Rather than travel back and forth every day, they stay[Ed] on Ashraf during the week†¦Ã¢â‚¬  This was a comment by Colonel Wesley M. Martin in the report. Claims like these seem baseless as the MeK has provided the Department of State with ample evidences which are contradicting these statements (Murphy, 2002). The Department of State had ample evidences to support the cause of MeK and was even facing some pressure from outer sources such as the United Kingdom. The Court of the UK sent a 144-page independent assessment on the activities of the MeK and had clearly stated that the MeK had not violated any sort of American Law or restriction at Camp Ashraf in Iraq. The statements in the report clearly contradicted these claims by the U. K. court and the Department of State clearly dismissed their significance. So much so that they didn’t even mention any proof supporting their point of view in contradicting this assessment. Some arguments have also been presented that the Department of State did this in order to satisfy the Iranian regime as they are in clear opposition to the MeK. The department of State did not want to disrupt the already weak diplomatic ties between the two governments as the Iranian government would have been displeased on the removal of MeK from FTO (Gurulà ©, 2 008). After hearing all these summaries and petitions from both sides, the U. S.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Product Dumping and Its Effect on Foreign Markets

Dumping is an informal name for the practice of selling a product in a foreign country for less than either the price in the domestic country or the cost of making the product. It is illegal in some countries to dump certain products into them because they want to protect their own industries from such competition, especially because dumping can result in a disparity in the domestic gross domestic products of impacted countries, such was the case with Australia until they passed a ​tariff  on certain goods entering the country. Bureaucracy and International Dumping Under the World Trade Organization (WTO) dumping is a frowned upon international business practices, especially in the case of causing material loss to an industry in the importing country of the goods being dumped. Although not expressly prohibited, the practice is considered bad business and often seen as a method to drive out the competition for goods produced in a particular market. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the Anti-Dumping Agreement (both WTO documents) allow for countries to protect themselves against dumping by allowing tariffs in cases where that tariff would normalize the price of the good once its sold domestically.   One such example of a dispute over international dumping comes between neighboring nations the United States and Canada in a conflict that came to be known as the ​​Softwood Lumber Dispute. The dispute began in the 1980s with a question of Canadian exports of lumber to the United States. Since Canadian softwood lumber was not regulated on private land as much of the United States lumber was, the prices were exponentially lower to produce. Because of this, the U.S. government claimed the lower prices constituted as a Canadian subsidy, which would make that lumber subject to trade remedy laws that fought such subsidies. Canada protested, and the fight continues to this day.  Ã¢â‚¬â€¹Ã¢â‚¬â€¹ Effects on Labor Workers advocates argue that product dumping hurts the local economy for workers, especially as it applies to competition. They hold that safeguarding against these targeted cost practices will help detract the consequences of such practices between varied stages of local economies. Oftentimes such dumping practices result in increased favoritism of competition between workers, a sort of social dumping that results from making a monopoly of a certain product. One such example of this on a local level was when an oil company in Cincinnati attempted to sell below-cost oil to diminish profits of competitors, thereby forcing them out of the market. The plan worked, resulting in a local monopoly of oil as the other distributor was forced to sell to a different market. Because of this, oil workers from the company who outsold the other were given preference in hiring in the area.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

legalizing gambling - 983 Words

Legalizing Casino Gambling in Texas Persuasive Speech Outline Legalizing Casino Gambling in Texas Specific Purpose Statement: To persuade my class about why legalizing casino gambling in Texas is for the better. Thesis Statement: Legalizing casino gambling in the state of Texas would enhance society and will be beneficial for the entire state. Organizational Pattern: Problem-Solution Introduction I. Did you know that gambling generates more revenue than movies, spectator sports, theme parks, cruise ships and recorded music combined (Statistics gambling facts,)? II. Regardless of your opinion of gambling, the legalization of casino gambling is important because of all the benefits it†¦show more content†¦(There is hope for solving the problems that arise because gambling is illegal.) III. Third, there are solutions to help solve the problems that come from not legalizing casino gambling. A. Residents of the state of Texas need to petition to their local representatives. A.1. You can write or call your local representative and express how you think legalizing casinos will help reduce crime and increase revenue for the state. A.2. Gather friends to contact their representatives because a large majority can have the issue placed on election ballots. B. Once the issue is placed on the ballot, we need to vote for legalizing casinos. B.1. People need to become informed of the positives of legalizing gambling B.2. Finally, they should vote for legalizing. (Legalizing casino gambling is the best for Texas.) Conclusion I. To review, Texas does not allow casino gambling. A. Texas has lost billions of dollars in revenue to other states. B. In addition, illegal gambling has given crime lords power of controlling gaming set up in illegal casinos. C. Nevertheless, Texas can solve this issue by legalizing casino gambling. II. Legalizing casino gambling in the state of Texas would enhance society and will be beneficial for the entire state. III. Since there are no casinos in Texas, I will be driving six hours to Louisiana. If gambling were legal I would not have to make such a long journey. So lets save ourselves the trouble of having toShow MoreRelatedThe Benefits Of Legalizing Gambling Essay1909 Words   |  8 PagesPeople may think of the benefits of legalizing gambling first, but there come clear distinct problems that could be the result of the legalization. It is without question that there would be instances of players betting on various games whether it be on games in their league or others, and would give the leagues another giant problem to monitor of their players. There have already been clear problems with a variety of players in different sports like John Daly in golf, Michael Jordan, and CharlesRead MoreThe Issue Of Legalizing Gambling1827 Words   |  8 Pagessides of this issue; some people have difficulty determining the reasons behind legalizing gambling in the first place. 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Period 2. 6 April 2017.1627 Words   |  7 PagesApril 2017 Gambling’s rise to Legality in the United States Gambling has been a popular activity in the United States from the 1600’s to the present day United States. As gambling grows as a worldwide enterprise, it expands the United States with the opportunities it provides and the attention it consumes. Gambling as a whole benefits different recreational activities and events such as sports. Gambling also allows people visiting places like Las Vegas to enjoy playing poker with

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

According To Corporate Snaphots Australia †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The According To Corporate Snaphots Australia? Answer: Introduction Naturally occurring data within an organization remains one of the best ways of self -evaluation in an organization setting. Since the data is collected without having to disturb customers and other stakeholders within an organization. This data can easily be mined from ANZ Bank annual reports with making it possible to explain an individuals role within an organization(Ashoka, 2013). The annual report of ANZ contains numerous organizational undertaking with a year. I would thus use the annual report to come up with my ideal position within the bank. This position will be evaluated in accordance with the information provided in the annual report to show my performance within the organization. Though many people within the career world have in recent times failed to utilize naturally occurring data it remains the easiest method in evaluating organizational employees. It works in depicting to both the employee and the management the ability of a player in the industry. Since the data i s readily available to all concerned parties and the general public the chances of exaggeration are rare. In evaluating myself within ANZ Bank through the support of their 2016 annual report I will be able to single out three naturally occurring that can influence my performance as well as my behavior within the organization. As an accountant within ANZ Bank, I would utilize naturally occurring data in terms of qualifications, accounting standards and reporting standards which are readily available in the 2016 annual report. Accountant qualification Accounting qualifications within a banking organization are very essential when it comes to dictating how one performs their duties within the accounting standards. Through analyzing the qualifications provided in the annual report for accountants, my practice and behavior within the organization will remain informed(Shriar). Accountants within the organization are deemed to be familiar AASB 9 Financial instrument that is widely applied by the organization in majority of its accounting and preparing it accounting information .Through the standards organizations requirements such as measuring financial assets, liabilities, and hedge accounting requirements are realized. In order to ensure risks within the organization are catered for. Management often requires feedback from its staff especially in from the accounting staff, through this available information on qualification I have the best interest of the company at hand by performing to its expectation. The rules that are provided s erve as guidance to the development of different aspects of my career regarding my personal development. It would also serve as a metric to help the organizational directors and managers access my performance within the organization. Accounting Standards Every organization within the banking sector subscribes to unique accounting standards. As an accountant I have to adhere to the standards which are aligned in the organizations annual report as they are essential in directing organizational auditors in undertaking their duties. These standards are essential to me when it comes to the preparation of financial statements of the company as well as making any judgments concerning the financial statement of the organization. These standards rely on accounting standards by the organization and other historical factors that are essential within the running of the organization. As an accountant within the organization real figures on estimated values of the organization cash flow are expected to remain in line with the reporting standards. Thus from the naturally occurring data as an accountant I would be expected to provide current observable data pertaining the organization. I would also be expected to advise the management especially my seniors on the current organizational performance as per annual report. This is because an accountant advice on organizational performance is considered to be essential in for the essence of data reliability .I would also be expected to carry out an impairment test for all organizational needs since they come hand in hand with my practices as an accountant within the organization. Thus naturally occurring data becomes inevitable when it comes to adhering to accounting standards. Reporting Standards The annual report that m currently utilizing meets ANZ Bank reporting standards because it is a requirement. Being an accountant in the organization it is required of me to offer to the organization my best in my career. This will only come to being if the financial statement that I come up with as an accountant meat the accounting reporting standards that ANZ bank subscribes too. These standards are essential within many organizations too given that they assist in ensuring confidence to employers. Given that the organization operates in different segments that are diverse throughout the region reporting standards may vary according to regions. However in order to develop in the company have chosen to adhere to the global reporting standards that majority of the employees in the accounting departments subscribe to with easy. Through this naturally available data in the 2016 annual report regarding to the annual report it is easy to analyze to ensure that it meets my professional prac tice as well as influence my professional behavior. This is Financial despite the assumption that I have subscribing to organizational requirements is mandatory in any organizational setting. The subscription to these standards directs ones behaviors and undertaking within the organization. Personal SWOT Analysis I would likely succeed within ANZ Bank through actively carrying out a personal SWOT so that I can utilize my skills properly(Bacal, 2010). Through knowing my weaknesses that are likely to emerge within the organization I would likely manage them with a lot of easy. Personal SWOT analysis is essential when it comes to meeting organizational needs given that it unearths major weaknesses. Through utilizing the tool I would be in a position to separate my performance from that of my peers within the organization. Strengths Naturally I have good analytical skills which are essential in preparing accounting information for ANZ Bank. A look at the organizational financial statement analysis indicates that it is necessary for analyzing comparative amounts for different years(Shriar). I have also worked to develop auditing skills since they are essential.ANZ Bank is largely audited by both internal and external auditors who are required to give a report on the organizations performance over a time. However since I`m gifted in creative thinking it is possible that facing some of the problems that come the need faster solution will not be currently being experienced in the organization. Weaknesses The potential weakness that I have is dealing with diverse organizations since they require different accounting standards. The accounting standards applied in ANZ Bank domestic market may not be applied in all its other branches globally(Webster, 2017). This makes it critical to unearth a good skill that I may not have practiced in my learning endeavors .Through the guidance of other professionals I will at last achieve a lot. Opportunities ANZ Bank being a large organization it suddenly has different opportunities for young accountants to gather experience. Management is aimed at ensuring that all employees are trained to standards. According to organizational reports substantial amount of funds are directed towards employee training. Through the organizational training I have abelieve that I will achieve tangible experience. Threats Being an accountant within a large organization calls for great improvement within the career over a period of time. However, chances are that this development may come through organizations investment on expatriates. If the company invests on expatriates then chances are that as an accountant I may be forced to work on different organizations that may largely require my expertise. This can be a challenge since I personally hate travelling despite the ability it may impact on my career growth. Personal SWOT Analysis Table Strengths Team player ; Analytical skills Weaknesses Dealing with diverse accounting methods Opportunities Career growth. ; Continuous career investment. Threats Operating in new environments ; Being an expatriate Me within Organization To understand the person that I`m within the organization I had to carry out a personality text within the organization utilizing the Myers-Brings theory which is largely utilized by many organizations. According to this personality test I found out that I was an introvert since I prescribed to an individuals ideas. This is essential since the management expected me to work in accordance to provided rules within ANZ Bank(Webster, 2017). I remained a strong believer in potential possibilities of organizational success. Through the judgment my life without this organization is well structured given that it borrows from my lifestyle as well as that of other peers. ANZ Organization applies a parallel reporting structure in its management which allows for easy solutions to emerging business risks. The board of governors remains the top managerial level and it is held by the organizational owners. It is advised by the different chief executive officers at different levels. The management allows for junior members to participate in organizational undertakings. This undertaking is possible since it helps organizational members to mutually benefit from each other. The organization however has put in place an accounting department that is largely entitled to financial reporting and a management department that is necessary for running the banks undertaking(Staff, 2014). The current reporting structure thus makes managers not final in their decision as they have to rely on other stakeholders in their decision making endeavors. ANZ bank has a variety of stakeholders within its organizational setting among them shareholders, Chief Executive Officers, Executives, the government, employees and customers. The managers within an organization are required to ensure that these stakeholders are comfortable with ANZ Bank .Managers are expected to ensure stakeholders interests are taken care of. Managers are expected to ensure that business sponsors in ANZ bank get gains in terms of their share contribution and dividends. Managers also have a duty to ensure client confidence with their banking system so as to maintain their client for a long period of time. Self-improvement and development Through partnership with colleagues we have formed will form a group that natures new employees in the accounting department. This is an essential part since it will ensure that I emerge as a coach within the organizational structure something that is very crucial in an employees development and the future of an organization. Since my peers too have worked towards coaching they are likely to be of great help.ANZ as an organization has largely invested in employee development too something that can assist me as one of them largely improve in my organizational undertaking. Creativity is an essential aspect when it comes to self-improvement and development. I find it essential to realize those areas that I have shown success and continuously invest on them for better outcomes(Cooper, 2017). I have continued to subscribe to international accounting bodies that are recognized by ANZ Bank to ensure that I remain conversant with emerging trends in accounting. is an essential requisite in solving organizational issues since everyone is to extend creative. Through investing in my personal creativity, have been able to be more sensitive to my surrounding environment and helped me in developing an innovative solution to business processes within my organization. To increase creativeness, I have learned to critic what I do, actively engaged other in innovative thinking and increase the love I direct towards myself. These initiatives are only made to improve my own creativity and the role I play within an organizational setting. Conclusion Self-evaluation evaluation cannot be overlooked when it comes to measuring an individual performance within an organization..It has helped much organization to meet challenge with ease. The organization has the option of requesting organizational players to self-evaluate them and individual results. Through self-assessment, it is evident that many organizational teams are evolving their approach towards improvement oriented activities. The role played by self-assessment toward measuring key performance index within ANZ bank, is likely to increase in the future. Through self assessment and absorption of employees that are not biased the organization is set to success. The model of se assessment thus remains an essential tool in determining employee performance. References Ashoka. (2013). What's Your Feedback Loop? Forbes Magazine. Bacal, R. (2010). Dealing with Angry Employees. Work911/Bacal/Bacal Associates.Management. Cooper, T. (2017). The Power of Feedback Loops. RiskAricles.com. Resker, J. (2010). 10 most common responses to Perfomance Feedback and How to Respond to Them. North East Resource Association. Shriar, J. (n.d.). Replying To Employee Feedback:The Complete Guide. Office Vibe. Staff, G. S. (2014). 6 Steps to Becoming a Highly Effective Leader: Your Personal SWOT Analysis. GETTING SMART. Webster, M. (2017). How to Use a SWOT Analysis ? A Perfect SWOT Analysis Example. leadershipthoughts.com. Acquisdata. (2016). AUSTRALIA aND nEW zEALAND bANKING (ASX: ANZ) mAY 5, 2016. Corporate Business,(20160505). https://lesa.on.worldcat.org/oclc/6034022962 Stanley, S. Crane, R. (2015). In J. Lewis (Ed.),Discourse analysis of naturally occurring data: The relational development of mindfulness. London, United Kingdom: SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781473958845

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The short story A Good Man is Hard to Find by Flannery OConnor could be viewed as a comic strip about massacre and martyrdom Essay Example For Students

The short story A Good Man is Hard to Find by Flannery OConnor could be viewed as a comic strip about massacre and martyrdom Essay The short story A Good Man is Hard to Find by Flannery OConnor could be viewed as a comic strip about massacre and martyrdom. What stops it from becoming a solemn story is its intensity, ambition, and unfamiliarity. OConnor blends the line between humor and terror as she uses a reasonable use of the unreasonable. She introduces her audience to the horror of self-love both with Hulga in Good Country People and with the grandmother in A Good Man is Hard to Find. The grandmother is thought of by the community as a good person and appears to be so on the surface, but she is also mean and narcissistic. We will write a custom essay on The short story A Good Man is Hard to Find by Flannery OConnor could be viewed as a comic strip about massacre and martyrdom specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now She forces her family to abide by her wishes; she sees them as an extension of herself; and she seizes every opportunity to get what she wants. By manipulating her grandchildren, she gets her son to go back to the house with the secret panel, causing them to meet The Misfit, and ultimately sealing the entire familys death. OConnor makes the trite seem sweet, the humdrum seem tragic, and the ridiculous seem righteous. The reader can no longer use their textbook ways of interpreting fiction and human behavior because OConnor is constantly throwing our assumptions back at us. Throughout A Good Man is Hard to Find OConnor reinforces the horror of self-love through her images. She contrasts the two houses, The Tower: the restaurant owned by Red Sammy, and the plantation house. The restaurant is a broken-down place, a long dark room with a tiny place to dance. At one time Red Sammy found pleasure from the restaurant but now he is afraid to leave the door unlatched. He has given in to the meanness of the world. In contrast to the horrible Tower is the grandmothers peaceful memory of the plantation house that is filled with wonderful treasures. However, the family never reaches this house because this house does not even exist on the dirt road or even in the same state. Because of the grandmothers pride she cannot admit that she has made a mistake. Its not much farther, the grandmother said and just as she said it, a horrible thought came to her. The thought was so embarrassing that she turned red in the face and her eyes dilated and her feet jumped up.. The grandmothers pride and self-centered wish to see the house causes the Misfit to discover and murder the family. Both houses are, in effect, ruins of the spirit. It is a comic view of the family that the reader receives in the first half of the story. The comedy is in the way OConnor has very nonchalantly reported the characters outlandish actions and appearances. OConnor has made this even more funny by not appearing to tell it in a funny way. The grandmother is the funniest and most colorful of the characters in the story; she is pushy, annoying, and at times an endearing grandmother. OConnor makes the grandmother a target for her  satire right from the beginning by exposing her absurd wardrobe and old-fashioned mannerisms. The grandmother had on a navy blue straw sailor hat with a bunch of white violets on the brim and a navy blue dress with a small white dot in the print. Her collars and cuffs were white organdy trimmed with lace and at her neckline she had pinned a purple spray of cloth violets containing a sachet. In case of an accident, anyone seeing her dead on the highway would know at once that she was a lady.. The last line becomes ironically funny because ultimately this is where the grandmother ends up- in a ditch dead. As a reader, one must then question the seriousness of the author towards her characters and should the reader have a sympathetic view towards these characters when they are being presented to an audience as comical figures and an elaborate joke. The first words uttered in the first pages of A Good Man is Hard to Find are directed to the reader almost as much as they are directed to Bailey: Now look here, see here, read this. The reader themselves are rustling the pages of the story almost simultaneously as the grandmother is shaking the newspaper at Bailey. Cleverly, OConnor has made her reader self-conscious of her printed medium and undoubtedly made the reader aware of the similarities between them and her characters. Once the reader can understand the satirical overtone of the story, the absurdities become less important. For example, the writing is monotone but has a dramatic quality to it which OConnor later uses to describe the family massacre. A man that views murder as a sport will kill the grandmothers family. He can look at a pile of bodies as nonchalantly as Bailey skimming over the weather report. The irony is absurd. .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 , .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .postImageUrl , .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 , .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157:hover , .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157:visited , .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157:active { border:0!important; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157:active , .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157 .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u1f15a28e89283ae48760af8803075157:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: This essay is mainly focused on Elizabeth BishopsOConnor is re-enforcing her stylistic approach to the literature by having the children read comic books in the beginning of the short story, all the way through their fateful journey. This story, in many ways, is a verbal comic strip. It mimics that of the frames of a comic strip with small self-contained scenes. There are no smooth transitions in the narrative but rather abrupt juxtapositions. One could almost imagine a bubble over the characters head saying Weve had an ACCIDENT!. Even the names of the characters allude to comic book figures: June Star and Red Sammy. The story could even be said to read like that of a comi c book and imitate its layout. One example is the sign advertising Red Sammys Restaurant. TRY RED SAMMYS FAMOUS BARBECUE. NONE LIKE FAMOUS RED SAMMYS! RED SAM! THE FAT BOY WITH THE HAPPY LAUGH. A VETERAN! RED SAMMYS YOUR MAN!. But then the narrative continues in a comic book like fashion describing the odd and bizarre scene as the family pulls up to the Tower. Red Sammy was lying on the bare ground outside The Tower with his head under a truck while a  gray monkey about a foot high, chained to a small chinaberry tree, chattered nearby,. OConnors satirical irony is apparent in the scene with the little Negro child. While the grandmother tries to beautify this poor pant-less black child living in a shack, OConnor does not allow the reader to see the beautiful picture that the grandmother wants to paint. Oh look at the cute little pickaninny! she said pointing to a Negro child standing in the door of a shack. Wouldnt that make a picture, now? she asked and they all turned and looked at the little Negro out of the back window. He waved. He didnt have any britches on, June Star said. He probably didnt have any, the grandmother explained. Little niggers in the country dont have things like we do. If I could paint that picture, she said. The grandmothers pretty picture is ruined when the little boy shows his bum to her. The old womens attempt to look beyond a blatant reality and make it pretty is being mocked by OConnor. The author has blended the line between the satirical and the lyrical to form a beauty that would not be considered a standard pretty picture. The same blending of the satirical and the lyrical occurs later in the story with the children playing with Red Sammys monkey: The children ran outside into the white sunlight and looked at the monkey in the lacy chinaberry tree. He was busy catching fleas on himself and biting each one carefully between his teeth as if it were a delicacy,. OConnor practically compares the chattering children to the chattering pet. She also subtly mocks the grandmothers concern for manners: Red Sammys monkey eats his fleas as though he were eating a gourmet meal. The white sunlight and the lacy chinaberry tree become the monkeys intelligence and mannerisms. OConnors writing is so clear in this passage, and her entire work for that matter, because she will not separate what pleases her from what disgusts her. OConnor incorporates into her writing tenderness and compassion but these caring qualities are intertwined with caricature and satire to avoid superficiality and insincerity. For example, when the family is traveling through Georgia, the grandmothers ability to nurture is demonstrated but still eluding to her triteness. The grandmother offered to hold the baby and the childrens mother passed him over the front seat to her. She set him on her knee and bounced him and told him about the things they were passingà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ Occasionally he gave her a faraway smile. They passed a large cotton field with five or six graves fenced in the middle of it, like a small island. Look at the graveyard! the grandmother said, pointing it out. That was the old family burying ground. That belonged to the plantation. Wheres the plantation? John Wesley asked. Gone With the Wind, said the grandmother. Ha. Ha. The contrast between the angelic baby and the old grandmother is apparent, however the feelin g the reader gets  here is not disgust but rather a warm and intimate feeling. Rather abruptly the passing of the graveyard interrupts this gentle exchange. .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 , .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .postImageUrl , .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 , .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55:hover , .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55:visited , .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55:active { border:0!important; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55:active , .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55 .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2997443fa1d5eeecd0bdf49c6f8e7a55:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Supernatural Forces cause the Fall of Man in Macbe EssayThe five or six gravestones are foreshadowing the familys fate with the Misfit. The emotional exchange between the baby and the grandmother is a reminder to the reader of the familys mortality. The grandmothers joking and light- heartedness lighten the tone of the scene. This scene marks an incredible emotional accomplishment for the family. The story never breaks its comic book format, even as the family is dragged off a few at a time to be put to death. The deaths are framed in a series of comic book squares. Irony again sets in when the only survivor is the cat, which the grandmother would not leave home by its self for fear it would brush against one of the gas burners and accidentally asphyxiate himself,. Even the massacre of the family is comically written. The line between tragedy and comedy has become completely blurred by the time the family has gotten into the accident. The Misfit is as much a cartoon as the grandmother. The Misfit is a good man because her grace sees into his soul and glimpses salvation. This moment of grace causes the grandmother to be the ultimate dynamic character, changing from judgmental and superficial to forgiving and compassionate. The missionary tactics she initially uses for her self-preservation result in a spiritual triumph. Due to this encounter, the grandmother finds herself in a significant position and emerges a sort of heroine. This act of grace while facing death is a form of compassion the grandmother takes with her to eternity, and this innate grace allows the grandmother to recognize that spiritual ties of kinship join her and the man who vehemently shot her family. The Misfits response to her grace coincides with his statement, No pleasure but meanness, and when he says, She would of been a good woman if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life, he only proves his necessity in the grandmothers religious realization and the contrast betwe en the superficial exterior and the spiritual grace of her soul. OConnor saves her most subtle writing for the grandmother. She combines every contradiction that seems to make up the grandmothers personality into one sentence. Jesus! the old lady cried. Youve got good blood! I know you wouldnt shoot a lady! I know you come from nice people! Pray! Jesus, you ought not to shoot a lady! Ill give you all the money Ive got! For the first time in her life, the grandmother experiences a moment of clarity. When she reaches out to touch the Misfit, this is truly an unselfish act. She knows that her fate is sealed and she too will end up dead like the rest of her family. She is waiting for the inevitable to happen. She has nothing to gain by reaching out to the Misfit, and that makes her gesture all  the more amazing. She is not thinking of herself but of the pain and heartache that the Misfit has gone through. After the Misfit shoots the grandmother three times in the chest, the reader is able to see the Misfits eyes when he takes off his glasses they ar e red-rimmed and pale and defenseless looking; this is what provokes the grandmothers selflessness. The point in which OConnor brings her two extremes together is at the very end with one sentence. The Misfit says She would have been a good women if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life,. The satirical and the saintly have completely blended together in this one sentence. Basically, the only way the grandmother could have been good and sustain that goodness was if someone were to threaten her with death daily. There is something about the grandmother that has made the Misfit uncomfortable. The old womens behavior is a mystery that confronts not only the Misfit but also the readers traditional ideas about goodness.